In August 2008, the MUSL announced that the State of Florida would be joining the Powerball lottery. With the increased population of new players, Powerball expanded the set of white ball numbers and decreased the number of red Powerballs, in order to make the game more attractive. The minimum jackpot will be increased, and for those who purchase the Power Play Option, the second prize of matching all 5 white balls will be fixed at $1 million.

Tickets for the new Powerball format will go on sale on Sunday January 4, 2009, and the first drawing will be held on Wednesday January 7, 2009.

While players should be excited about these new changes, they should understand that this new format:

Benefits the Powerball States

Not the Players!

Not the Players!

Summary of Publicized Changes

First, lets review the Powerball changes that will become effective in January.

- White Balls increased from 55 to 59
- Red Powerballs decreased from 42 to 39
- Minimum annuity jackpot increased from $15 to $20 Million
- Powerplay Match 5 multiplier (5+0) fixed at 5X, payable in $1 million cash
- Chances of winning the jackpot increased to 195.2 million
- Overall odds of winning any prize decreased to 35.1
- Jackpot pool percentage increased from 30.3% to 32.5%.

Combination Changes

Table PB09-1 summarizes combinatorial changes implied by the changes in the quantity of white and red balls. As shown, the Powerballs decrease from 42 to 39 balls, a 7.1 decrease. At the same time, the white balls increase from 55 to 59, a 7.3% increase. This appears to be a net wash.

However, the number of white ball combinations has increased from 3.5 million to 5.0 million, which is a 43.9% increase. But because the Powerballs decreased, the total number of all 6 number combinations increased only by 49 million, or 33.6%.

Table PB09-1: Combination Changes | |||||

Item | New Matrix | Old Matrix | Change | Pct Change | Dir |

Tot Combos | 195,249,054 | 146,107,962 | 49,141,092 | 33.6% | ↑ |

Powerballs | 39 | 42 | -3 | -7.1% | ↓ |

White Balls | 59 | 55 | 4 | 7.3% | ↑ |

5-Number Combos | 5,006,386 | 3,478,761 | 1,527,625 | 43.9% | ↑ |

Winners Changes

Since the winning prize structure remains the same, the new format will produce more individual winners. While the number of combinations increased by 33.6%, the total number of winners increases by 39.3%. This is a 6.0% advantage for the players.

At the same time, the number of losers increases by 33.5%, about the same as the increase in combinations.

Further, the overall chances of winning any prize decrease from 36.6 to 35.1, which is 4.1% advantage for the players. This is reinforced by the fact that the percent of winners also increases by 4.4%.

Table PB09-2: Winners Chances | |||||

Item | New Matrix | Old Matrix | Change | Pct Change | Dir |

Tot Winners | 5,560,464 | 3,991,302 | 1,569,162 | 39.3% | ↑ |

Tot Losers | 189,688,590 | 142,116,660 | 47,571,930 | 33.5% | ↑ |

Overall Chances | 35.11 | 36.61 | -1.50 | -4.1% | ↓ |

Pct Winners | 2.85% | 2.73% | 0.12% | 4.4% | ↑ |

Thus far, it appears that players will benefit from the game format changes.

Payout Information

But reviewing the payout information presented in Table PB09-3 below, one can begin to understand why the players do not really benefit. In the new format, $54.1 million will be returned to the players. This is only a 23.5% increase. Remembering that the total number of combinations increased by 33.6%, it becomes apparent that a full 10.1% of the new money raised remains within the Powerball organization. Since the number of combinations increased by 49.1 million and each combination represents a dollar, we quickly see that $4.9 million extra goes to Powerball, not the players.

This is reinforced by reviewing the Average Ticket Win, which at $9.73 (verses $10.97) is a 11.3% drop. Both of which re-iterate that players receive less money in the new game.

Table PB09-3: Payout Info | |||||

Item | New Matrix | Old Matrix | Change | Pct Change | Dir |

Tot Payout | $54,112,290 | $43,800,030 | $10,312,260 | 23.5% | ↑ |

Avg Tkt Win | $9.73 | $10.97 | -$1.24 | -11.3% | ↓ |

Return per $ | $0.28 | $0.30 | -$0.02 | -6.7% | ↓ |

Jackpot/Odds | $569,577 | $409,763 | $159,814 | 39.0% | ↑ |

Jackpot Parity | $161,136,764 | $117,307,932 | $43,828,832 | 37.4% | ↑ |

Additionally, the Jackpot/Odds and Jackpot Parity percent changes of 39.0% and 37.4% indicate growth that exceeds the 33.6% increase in new combinations. Should the Minimum Jackpot be greater, these would be more in line, and help to benefit the player. But, since the Jackpot is fixed at $20 million, overall payouts to the players is minimized.

Power Play Jackpot Breakeven

Lastly, for completeness, the increase in combinations and payouts implies that the Power Play Jackpot Breakeven level is increased as well. From Table PB09-4, we learn that players should purchase the Power Play Option whenever the Jackpot is below $62.6 million. Above that level, players should always skip this option and go for the Jackpot itself by spending the additional dollar on an individual ticket.

Lastly, for completeness, the increase in combinations and payouts implies that the Power Play Jackpot Breakeven level is increased as well. From Table PB09-4, we learn that players should purchase the Power Play Option whenever the Jackpot is below $62.6 million. Above that level, players should always skip this option and go for the Jackpot itself by spending the additional dollar on an individual ticket.

Table PB09-4: Power Play Breakeven | |||||

Item | New Matrix | Old Matrix | Change | Pct Change | Dir |

Tot Payout | $62,568,435 | $43,200,045 | $19,368,390 | 44.8% | ↑ |

Conclusion

While the new Powerball matrix format increases a players chance of winning a prize by increasing the number of winners, the amount of money returned back to the players is proportionately lower than the existing game. As we have seen, the average winning ticket will now be $9.73, which is 11.3% lower than present. Further, the actual percent of amount of money is 10% less than what has been increased.

Since nearly $5.0 million extra will be retained by Powerball, we believe the new format benefits the Lottery Organization rather than the players. To remain fair, either the minimum jackpot should have been set at $25 million, or lower tier prize payouts should have been increased.

In a year when lottery sales have declined, it is not surprising that the Powerball organizers revised the format in order to increase their retained profits.

While the lure of winning a minimum of $20 million is nothing to sneeze about, players should understand who profits and who loses.

We hope you have found this study to be informative.

Learn More

To learn more about this subject, visit our in-depth pages that provide the detailed numbers behind each of these options.

While the new Powerball matrix format increases a players chance of winning a prize by increasing the number of winners, the amount of money returned back to the players is proportionately lower than the existing game. As we have seen, the average winning ticket will now be $9.73, which is 11.3% lower than present. Further, the actual percent of amount of money is 10% less than what has been increased.

Since nearly $5.0 million extra will be retained by Powerball, we believe the new format benefits the Lottery Organization rather than the players. To remain fair, either the minimum jackpot should have been set at $25 million, or lower tier prize payouts should have been increased.

In a year when lottery sales have declined, it is not surprising that the Powerball organizers revised the format in order to increase their retained profits.

While the lure of winning a minimum of $20 million is nothing to sneeze about, players should understand who profits and who loses.

We hope you have found this study to be informative.

Learn More

To learn more about this subject, visit our in-depth pages that provide the detailed numbers behind each of these options.